KA BOLJEM RAZUMEVANJU STANDARDA ADEKVATNE ZASTUPLJENOSTI PRIPADNIKA NACIONALNIH MANJINA U JAVNOM SEKTORU

Ključne reči: čl. 15, standard adekvatne zastupljenosti, tela javne uprave, Savetodavni komitet, nacionalne manjine

Apstrakt

Članom 15 Okvirne konvencije nalaže se državama članicama da stvore uslove potrebne za delotvorno učešće pripadnika nacionalnih manjina u radu državne uprave i drugim segmentima javnog sektora. Kao što je to slučaj i sa ostalim elementima čl. 15, stepen ispunjenosti ove obaveze ocenjuje se spram standarda adekvatne zastupljenosti. Obaveza obezbeđenja uslova za adekvatnu zastupljenost pripadnika nacionalnih manjina i/ili osoba koje govore manjinske jezike u javnom sektoru predstavlja novinu u načinu organizacije javne uprave jer su sve do donošenja Okvirne konvencije one po pravilu bile jednojezične. To, kao i okolnost da su odredbe čl. 15 programatskog karaktera, dovodi do izražene neodređenosti standarda adekvatne zastupljenosti. U radu autorka pristupa ovom problemu kroz nastojanje da identifikuje pravne ciljeve koje treba ostvariti primenom standarda adekvatne zastupljenosti pripadnika nacionalnih manjina u javnom sektoru, te sa tim naumom analizira tematske komentare i pojedinačna mišljenja Savetodavnog komiteta za Okvirnu konvenciju. Svrha rada je da se kroz potpunije razumevanje pravnih ciljeva koji leže u temelju standarda adekvatne zastupljenosti doprinese njegovom daljem normativnom elaboriranju. Ovo je neophodno kako bi standard postao određeniji i jasniji, te time i korisniji kako državama članicama Okvirne konvencije u njihovim nastojanjima da ispune obavezu stvaranja uslova za delotvorno učešće pripadnika nacionalnih manjina u radu javnog sektora, tako i samom Savetodavnom komitetu prilikom procene stepena ispunjenosti čl. 15.

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