MECHANIST PHILOSOPY, CONCEPT OF „OWNERSHIP“ AND LEGAL STATUS OF HUMAN BODY PARTS

  • Branisalv Fabry Faculty of Law, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Apstrakt

The article deals with the rise of philosophical concept of mechanism, especially in the period of Molecular Biology development and its impact on legal approach to human body. The new challenges such as cloning or human genome editing are key for the dominating concept of mechanism, however, there are some limits as well. The basic question seems to be how far we „own“ our bodies. There is also an increasing role of parents by the „enhancing“ of their children. All this trends seem to be influenced by mechanism, however it creates a threat for other rights of the „enhanced“ children.

Reference

Chang, K. M. 2009. Motustonicus: Georg Ernst Stahl´s Formulation of Tonic Motion and Early Medical Though. Bulletin of History of Medicine, 78 (4), pp. 767-803.

Fábry, B. 2005. Nové biotechnologické výzvy hodnote ľudskej dôstojnosti. Právny obzor, 88 (4), pp. 370-379.

Gonzales-Crussi, F. 2008. Medicína. Stručné dejiny. Bratislava: Slovart.

Hildmann, Ph. W. 2010. 68 Cents oder die ethische Leitkategorie der Menschenwürde?. in: Der Wert des menschlichen Lebens im 21. Jahrhundert. Oder zu den Grenzen der menschlichen Verfügungsmacht (ed. H. Badura), Krems an der Donau: EALIZ, pp. 15-16

Sýkora, P. 2019. K posthumánnemu človeku prostredníctvom editovania génomv pre kognitívne schopnosti. Filozofia, 74(7), pp. 511–529.

Štěpán, J. 1989. Právo a moderní lékařství. Praha: Panorama.

Šuster, M. 2008. Rothbardova teorie smlouvy II: „scizitelné“ a „nescizitelné“ statky. Terra Libera, 9, pp. 1-4.

Toombs, S. K. 2002. What does it means to be somebody? Phenomenological Reflections and Ethical Quandaries. In: M.J Cherry (ed). Persons and their Bodies. Rights, Reposnsibilities, Relationships. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 73-94.

Campillo, P. 2017. Giovanni Alphonso Borelli: de motu animaliu, an iatromatematics and mechanical understanding of human body and health. Available at: https://hekint.org/2017/01/22/giovanni-alfonso-borelli-de-motu-animalium-an-iatromathematic-and-mechanical-understanding-of-the-body-and-health/, (last visited 15 November 2019).

Dercová, M. 2010. Ako Descartes ponechal telo na pospas prírodným vedám. Ostium Internetový časopis pre humanitné vedy, 6(4). Available at: http://ostium.sk/language/sk/ako-descartes-ponechal-telo-napospas-prirodnym-vedam/, (last visited 15 November 2019).

Fábry, B. 2014. Človek, ľudské telo a jeho prívny status. Projustice Vedecko-odborný recenzovaný časopis pre právo a spravodlivos. Available at: https://www.projustice.sk/teoria-prava/clovek-ludske-telo-a-jeho-pravny-status, last visited 15 November 2019.

Mlkvá Illyová, Z. & Dufalová, L. 2019. Pojmová hranica medzi vecnými právami a záväzkami. Projustice Vedecko-odborný recenzovaný časopis pre právo a spravodlivos. Available at: https://www.projustice.sk/obcianske-pravo/pojmova-hranica-medzi-vecnymi-pravami-a-zavazkami, (last visited 15 November 2019).

Kazanian, M. M. Ethics and Fenomenology. Available at: https://www.iep.utm.edu/eth-phen/, (last visited 15 November 2019).

Rutheford, D. 2017. Descartes’ Ethics. Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/descartes-ethics/, (last visited 15 November 2019).
Objavljeno
2020-01-27
Sekcija
Pregledni naučni rad