REFORM OF THE CLEAN VEHICLES DIRECTIVE – FROM PERFORMANCE CRITERIA TO TARGET VALUES

Apstrakt

The paper sets the reform of the Clean Vehicles Directive in the broader context of the European environmental policies and inclusion these horizontal policies into public procurement rules. The analysis of effectiveness of that directive is provided from the overall European point of view as well as from the point of view of examples of transposition and different approaches to transposition in the Member States. The Clean Vehicles Directive underwent substantial reform in 2019 which removed case-by-case assessment of environmental impacts of particular vehicles and introduced new approach by setting minimum quantitative criteria for procurement of ‘clean’ vehicles. Limited scope of the directive aligned to the thresholds of application of the public procurement directives, remained.

Reference

Achillas, C. et al. 2019. Green Supply Chain Management. Abington, Oxford, New York: Routledge.

Kováčiková, H. 2018. Verejné obstarávanie ako problematický aspekt čerpania štrukturálnych fondov. In: Právo fondov EÚ v teórii a praxi. Bratislava: Úrad podpredsedu vlády pre investície a informatizáciu Slovenskej republiky, pp. 76-85.

Semple, A. 2015. The link to the subject matter: a glass ceiling for sustainable public contracts?. In: Sjafjell, B. & Wiesbrock, A. (eds), Sustainable Public Procurement Under EU Law. Cambridge University Press, pp. 50–74. doi: 10.1017/cbo9781316423288.005.

Woods, L., Watson, P. & Steiner, J. 2017. Harmonisation. In: Steiner & Woods EU Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 323–343.

Zannoni, D. 2018a. Balancing market needs and environmental protection: Vehicle approval in the European Union. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, XX(X), pp. 1–16. DOI: 10.1177/1023263X18794409

Zannoni, D. 2018b. Fiscal State Aid to Promote Clean Transport. EC Tax Review, 5, pp. 250-259.

EEA. 2013. Decision of the EEA Joint Committee No 173/2013 of 8 October 2013 amending Annex XX (Environment) to the EEA Agreement. EEA: OJ L 58, 27.2.2014, p. 27–27. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dec/2013/173(2)/oj.

EEA. 2018. Decisions of the EEA Joint Committee for which the constitutional requirements under Article 103 of the EEA Agreement have been fulfilled and related Decisions. EEA: OJ C 97, 15.3.2018, p. 3–7.

Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles. European Union: OJ L 153, 18.6.2010, p. 13–35.

Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings. European Union: OJ L 153, 18.6.2010, p. 13–35.

Directive 2014/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on public procurement and repealing Directive 2004/18/EC. European Union: OJ L 94, 28.3.2014, p. 65–242. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32014L0024.

Directive (EU) 2019/1161 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 amending Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles. European Union: OJ L 188, 12.7.2019, p. 116–130.

Regulation No 106/2008 of the European parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on a Community energy-efficiency labelling programme for office equipment. European Union: OJ L 39, 13.2.2008, p. 1–7.

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/2365 of 18 December 2017 amending Directive 2014/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council in respect of the application thresholds for the procedures for the award of contracts. European Union: OJ L 337, 19.12.2017, p. 19–20. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32017R2365.

European Commission. 2013. Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the application of Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy efficient road transport vehicle. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:120:0005:0012:en:pdf (Accessed: 10 November 2019).

European Commission. 2017. Commission Staff Working Document Impact Assessment Accompanying the document Proposal for A Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles SWD/2. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52017SC0366&qid=1573401400667&from=EN.

European Commission. 2019a. Environmental Implementation Review 2019: Policy Background. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eir/pdf/eir_2019_policy_background.pdf.

European Commission. 2019b. The von der Leyen Commission: for a Union that strives for more. IP/19/5542. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_19_5542.

Ministerie de la Region de Bruxelles-Capitale. 2009. Arrêté du Gouvernement de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale relatif à l’introduction de véhicules plus respectueux de l’environnement dans les flottes des autorités régionales. Belgium. Available at: http://www.etaamb.be/fr/arrete-du-gouvernement-de-la-region-de-bruxellescapit_n2009031360.html.

Ministerie de la Region de Bruxelles-Capitale. 2014. Arrêté du Gouvernement de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale relatif à l’exemplarité des pouvoirs publics en matière de transport et modifiant l’arrêté du Gouvernement de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale du 7 avril 2011 relatif aux plans de déplacem. Belgium. Available at: http://www.etaamb.be/fr/arrete-du-gouvernement-de-la-region-de-bruxellescapit_n2014031529.html.

Decreto-Lei n.o 140/2010. Diário da República n.o 251/2010, Série I de 2010-12-29. Available at: https://data.dre.pt/eli/dec-lei/140/2010/12/29/p/dre/pt/html.

Ordonanţa de urgenţă a Guvernului nr. 40/2011 privind promovarea vehiculelor de transport rutier nepoluante şi eficiente din punct de vedere energetic. Romania: Monitorul Oficial al României, 307.

Zákon č.158/2011 Z.z. o podpore energeticky a environmentálne úsporných motorových vozidiel a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov [Act No 158/2011 On the promotion of energy-saving and environmentally-friendly motor vehicles and on the amendment of othe. Slovakia. Available at: https://www.slov-lex.sk/static/pdf/2011/158/ZZ_2011_158_20120301.pdf.

Zákon č. 343/2015 Z.z. o verejnom obstarávaní a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov [Act No. 343/2015 on public procurement and amendment of certzain other laws]. Slovakia. Available at: https://www.slov-lex.sk/static/pdf/2015/343/ZZ_2015_343_20190901.pdf.

Uredba o zelenem javnem naročanju [Decree on green public procurement], Uradni list RS, št. 51/17 in 64/19. Available at: http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=URED7202.

Ley 2/2011, de 4 de marzo, de Economía Sostenible, BOE núm. 55, de 05/03/2011. Available at: https://www.boe.es/eli/es/l/2011/03/04/2/con.

Von der Leyen, U. 2019. A Union that strives for more. My agenda for Europe. Political Guidelines for the Next European Commission 2019-2024. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/political-guidelines-next-
commission_en.pdf.

Ecoscore. 2019. Available at: www.ecoscore.be (Accessed: 10 November 2019).

Matuška, P. & Patakyová, M.T. 2018. Klimatickí utečenci a ich právne postavenie v kontexte medzinárodného práva verejného a práva Európskej únie [Climate refugees and their legal status in the context of international public law and the
European Union law]. Societas et Iurisprudentia, Vol 6, No. 4, pp. 76-96. [online] http://sei.iuridica.truni.sk/archive/2018/04/SOCIETAS-ET-IURISPRUDENTIA-2018-04.pdf

Sergeant, N., Messagie, M. & Van Mierlo, J. 2011. CLEAN VEHICLES EUROPE versus ECOSCORE. Analysis and comparison of website and methodology. Study accomplished under the authority of the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels Capital Region. Available at: www.ecoscore.be (Accessed: 10 November 2019).
Objavljeno
2020-01-27
Sekcija
Pregledni naučni rad