AUTONOMNI KONCEPTI I STATUS QUO METOD: U POTRAZI ZA DOSLEDNOM ZAŠTITOM LJUDSKIH PRAVA PRED EVROPSKIM NADNACIONLNIM SUDOVIMA

Apstrakt

Proces pristupanja Evropske unije Evropskoj konvenciji o ljudskim pravima nedavno je ponovo pokrenut. Ipak, u pravnoj nauci se pravilno ukazuje da se radi o komplikovanom i dugotrajnom procesu, dok, sa druge strane, praksa nadnacionalnih evropskih sudova nije međusobno usklađena i u nekim slučajevima za posledicu ima smanjenje obima zaštite ljudskih prava u Evropi. Otuda se javlja potreba da se već sada ispitanju druga rešenja koja mogu doprineti smanjenju neželjenih posledica dugotrajnog pristupanja Evropske unije pomenutoj Konvenciji i doprineti doslednoj i delotvornoj zaštiti ljudskih prava u Evropi. Koristeći se uglavnom dogmatskim metodom, autorke ispituju različite metode predložene u pravnoj teoriji (i primenjene u praksi) sa stanovišta njihovog potencijala da doprinesu delotvornoj zaštiti ljudskih prava, u odsustvu institucionalnih veza između Suda pravde Evropske unije i Evropskog suda za ljudska prava. Autorke potom ukazuju na potrebu da, u primeni metoda zadržavanja statusa quo, koji se trenutno čini najcelishodnijim, dva evropska nadnacionalna suda pribegnu unapređenoj primeni koncepta autonomnih pojmova. One tu potrebu zatim i ilustruju kroz prikaz novije sudske prakse dva navedena suda u odnosu na princip ne bis in idem. U zaključnom delu rada autorke formulišu predloge za unapređenje pristupa Suda pravde Evropske unije i Evropskog suda za ljudska prava u razvijanju i formulisanju autonomnih pojmova, u cilju postizanja delotvorne zaštite ljudskih prava u Evropi i pre nego što Evropska unija pristupi Evropskoj konvenciji o ljudskim pravima.

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2021-01-24
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