PRAVA ŽRTAVA KRIVIČNIH DELA U HOLANDIJI

  • Nataša V. Mrvić Petrović
    e-mail: n.mrvic@iup.rs
    Institut za uporedno pravo
Ključne reči: žrtva krivičnog dela, prava žrtve, krivični postupak, zahtev za naknadu štete, oštećeni

Apstrakt

U radu je ispitana zaštita prava žrtava krivičnih dela u Holandiji. Cilj istraživanja je da se objasni sveobuhvatnost reformi (od 1980) i izaberu primeri dobre prakse (vezano za usklađivanje sa Direktivom o pravima žrtava 2012/29EU). Stalnim reformama prevaziđena je pasivna uloga žrtve u krivičnom postupku, garantovana su njena posebna prava. Žrtva tako postaje centralna figura krivičnopravnog sistema. Autor ukazuje na osobena rešenja u holandskom pravu – pravo žrtve da se obrati sudu (ukazujući na posledice viktimizacije i drugo), medijacija, institut transactio (odustanak od gonjenja), nalog za naknadu štete, avansno plaćanje naknade štete iz sredstava Centralne agencije za novčane kazne, ako je učinilac ne plati u određenom roku. Opisan je i postupak obeštećenja iz Fonda za naknadu štete za zločine nasilja. Pokazuje se da je od presudne važnosti uspostavljanje delotvornog organizacionog okvira ostvarivanja prava žrtava, primereno potrebama datog društva.

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Pravni izvori

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Savet Evrope

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Objavljeno
2019-07-10
Sekcija
Originalni naučni rad