SKORO ARKTIČKI? ZAŠTITA BALTIČKE MORSKE ŽIVOTNE SREDINE PUTEM MEĐUNARODNOG PRAVA

  • Stefan Kirchner, Dr, MJI, RA Profesor arktičkog prava i koordinator Istraživačke grupe za upravljanje Arktikom, Arktički centar, Univerzitet Laplanda, Rovanijemi, Finska; član Advokatske komore u Frankfurtu na Majni, Nemačka, bivši profesor kosmičkog prava i vanredni profesor pomorskog prava, Pravni fakultet, Univerzitet Vytautas
  • Medy Dervovic, LL.M. ERASMUS+ stipendista Istraživačke grupe za upravljanje Arktikom, Arktički centar, Univerzitet Laplanda, Rovanijemi, Finska; istraživač pripravnik, Arktički institut Stefanson, Akureiri, Island
Ključne reči: Baltičko moreBotnijski zaliv, pravo zaštite životne sredine, pomorsko pravo, Arktik, Baltičko more, Botnijski zaliv, pravo zaštite životne sredine, pomorsko pravo, Arktik

Apstrakt

Baltičko more, samo srce baltičkog regiona, jedno je od najzagađenijih mora na svetu. Značaj Baltičkog mora nije isti za sve države baltičkog regiona, ali sve države čija obala izlazi na Baltičko more koriste ovo more i utiču na njega kroz raznovrsne aktivnosti. Zaštita Baltičkog mora stoga je zajednička briga svih ovih država. Ova zajednička briga dovela je do nastanka posebnog međunarodnopravnog režima koji se odnosi na Baltičko more. U ovom radu se opisuju postojeće pretnje za prirodnu sredinu Baltičkog mora kao i međunarodne pravne mere usmerene na zaštitu ovog mora, sa naročitim osvrtom na moguća unapređenja. Posebna pažnja posvećena je najsevernijem delu Baltičkog mora – subarktičkom Botnijskom zalivu, koji se suočava sa posebnim ekološkim izazovima. .

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