REFORMA SISTEMA KRIPTO LICENCI U ESTONIJI I PREDLOG UREDBE O TRŽIŠTIMA KRIPTO IMOVINE

  • Marko S. Novaković, PhD Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd, Srbija
Ključne reči: kripto, Estonija, bitkoin, Uredba o tržištima kriptoimovine (MiCA), licenca, Danske bank, Estonska finansijsko-obaveštajna jedinica (FIU)

Apstrakt

U okviru Strategije za digitalne finansije EU, Evropska komisija donela je predlog Uredbe o tržištima kriptoimovine (MiCA), koji trenutno prolazi kroz prvo čitanje u Savetu. Ciljevi ovog akta uključuju i zaštitu kupaca, promociju inovacija, unifikaciju regulisanja kriptovaluta na tržištu EU i slično. Istovremeno sa ovom normativnom inicijativom, Estonija već razmatra reformu svog sistema kriptolicenciranja. Danske bank skandal je pokazao slabosti trenutnog sistema kriptolicenciranja i sada je na vladi Estonije, kao prvoj vladi jedne države članice Evropske unije koja se susrela sa takvom situacijom, da pokuša da unapredi postojeće propise. U ovom radu se analiziraju MiCA i koreni moguće reforme kriptolicenci u Estoniji.

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2022-03-02
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